A visual novel (ビジュアルノベル bijuaru noberu, also known as a sound novel) is an interactive fiction game featuring mostly static anime-style graphics, or occasionally live-action stills or video footage. As the name might suggest, they resemble mixed-media novels or tableau vivant stage plays.
↑Cavallaro, Dani (2010). Anime and the visual novel: narrative structure, design and play at the crossroads of animation and computer games. McFarland & Company. pp. 8. ISBN 0786444274. "Some of the most cherished, visually appealing and diegetically complex anime titles of recent years have been based upon a very specific type of computer game generally known as 'visual novel.'"